If you are interested in possessing a timeless luxurious remnant of Russian history, then you should certainly take notice of Russian Nikolai II 10 ruble gold coins. Embodying more than 300 years of Russian history, these Russian 10 ruble gold coins encapsulate the most significant economic, political and social changes in one of the largest empires ever to exist in human history. They are the remains of a fascinating past, portraying one of world’s most powerful ruling dynasties. The history that is contained in these coins is simply staggering.
Minted predominately in the Saint Petersburg Mint from 1898 to 1911, Russian 10 rubles are equivalent in size to British gold sovereigns of the same era, yet they are many times scarcer. The 10 rubles are among Russia’s most popular gold coins and as such will make a great addition to any investment portfolio or coin collection.
Nikolai II depicted on the 10 ruble gold coin
The observe of the coins depicts Nikolai II, Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia, Grand Prince of Finland and King of Poland from 1896 to 1917. He was the last monarch from the imperial dynasty, the House of Romanov, to wield exclusive power in the Russian Empire. The epoch of the Romanovs, one of the most powerful and longest ruling royal families in the history of the world, came to a sudden end when Nikolai II and his family were savagely murdered by the revolutionary Bolsheviks in 1918. The Romanov bloodline had until this date ruled Russia and all its territory for over 300 years. The influence, wealth and power accumulated and captured during this time were immense. At the peak of the Romanov dynasty in 1866, the Russian Empire covered an area of 22.8 million km2 or 15% of the world land area, stretching from Eastern Europe to Alaska.
The Gold Ruble and Russia’s Industrial Revolution
The Romanov dynasty which began in 1616 and lasted until 1917 saw Russia go through significant structural changes. The more noteworthy ones were the emancipation of serfs, the building of the railway system and the introduction of the gold ruble standard. The introduction of the gold ruble standard in 1897 had an immediate positive impact on the Russian economy: foreign investors attracted by the new stable gold ruble invested huge amounts of capital in heavy industries in cities like St Petersburg and Moscow. The new railway system ensured a more efficient means of transporting raw materials from the more remote resource rich areas of the country to the industrial centres throughout Russia, and finally the emancipation of serfs meant that a new mobile workforce became readily available for Russia’s expanding heavy industries. By 1900, Russia was a commodity producing powerhouse, and its rapid development during this time is dubbed by Russian economic historians as “the great spurt”.
Unfortunately, golden eras tend not to last forever, and in this case the onset of WWI made Russia abandon its gold ruble standard. The change to a fiat monetary system paved the way for the printing of unlimited paper money which, coupled with Lenin’s war communism, created a prolonged economic depression where hyperinflation and other poorly directed government policies destroyed much of the once booming industrial sector. Fortunate were those that held on to their gold rubles, as they were spared many of the misfortunes that occurred during this period.
The obverse depicts the effigy of Emperor Nikolai II. Also visible is an inscription in Cyrillic “НИКОЛАЙ II ИМПЕРАТОРЪ И САМОДЕРЖЕЦЬ ВСЕРОСС”, which translates as “Czar Nicholas II Emperor and Autocrat of All Russia”
The reverse shows the Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire as a double-headed eagle holding a sceptre and an orb in its talons. The eagle’s chest is surrounded by the chain of Andrei Pervozvanny’s order that contains a shield decorated with the image of St. George slaying the dragon. The crowns pictured above the eagle are adorned with ribbons. Represented on the eagle’s wings are eight coats of arms, one for every kingdom that was part of Russia during that epoch: Poland, Tauric Chersonese, Georgia, Siberia and the Kazan Kingdoms, the Principalities of Kiev and Finland, and Novgorod. The face value of the coin and its year of issue are also inscribed below the emblem.
Each coin is individually packaged in a hard plastic capsule if desired.
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